Jones-Blair Case Analysis
Instructions: 2-3 page analysis on the Jones-Blair Case attached.
Jones ? Blair Company
In early January 2005, Alexander Barrett, president of Jones- Blair Company, slumped
back in his chair as his senior management executives filed out of the conference
room. "Another meeting and still no resolution," he thought. After two lengthy meetings, the executive group still had not decided where and how to deploy corporate
marketing efforts among the various architectural paint coatings markets served by
the company in the southwestern United States. He asked his secretary to schedule
another meeting for next week.
? THE U.S. PAINT INDUSTRY
The U.S. paint industry is divided into three broad segments: (1) architectural coatings, (2) original equipment manufacturing (OEM) coatings, and (3) special-purpose
coatings. Architectural coatings consist of general-purpose paints, varnishes, and lacquers used on residential, commercial, and institutional structures, sold through
wholesalers and retailers, and purchased by do-it-yourself consumers, painting contractors, and professional painters. Architectural coatings are commonly called shelf
goods and account for 43 percent of total industry dollar sales. OEM coatings are formulated to industrial buyer specifications and are applied to original equipment during manufacturing. These coatings are used for durable goods such as automobiles,
trucks, transportation equipment, appliances, furniture and fixtures, metal containers
and building products, and industrial machinery and equipment. OEM coatings represent 35 percent of total industry dollar sales. Special-purpose coatings are formulated
for special applications or environmental conditions, such as extreme temperatures,
exposure to chemicals, or corrosive conditions. These coatings are used for automotive and machinery refinishing, industrial construction and maintenance (including
factories, equipment, utilities, and railroads), bridges, marine applications (ship
and offshore facilities such as oil rigs), highway and traffic markings, aerosol and
metallic paints, and roof paints. Special-purpose coatings account for 22 percent of
total industry dollar sales.
The U.S. paint industry is generally considered to be a maturing industry. Industry
sales in 2004 were estimated to be slightly over $16 billion. Average annual dollar sales
growth was forecasted to approximate the general rate of inflation through 2005.
Outlook for Architectural Paint Coatings and Sundries
Industry sources estimated U.S. sales of architectural paint coatings and sundries
(brushes, rollers, paint removers and thinners, ete.) to be $12 billion-plus in 2004.
The cooperation of Ioncs-Blair Company in the preparation of this case is gratefully acknowledged. This
case was prepared by Professor Roger A. Kerin, Edwin 1. Cox School of Business, Southern Methodist
University, as a basis for class discussion and is not designed to illustrate effective or ineffective handling of
an administrative situation. Certain names and selected market and sales data have been disguised and are
not useful for research purposes. Copyright © 2005 by Roger A. Kerin. No part of this case may be
reproduced without written permission of the copyright holder.
CHAPTER 4 OPPORTUNITY
ANALYSIS, MARKET SEGMENTATION, AND MARKET TARGETING
Architectural coatings are considered to be a mature market with long-term sales
growth projected in the range of 1 to 2 percent per year. Demand for architectural
coatings and sundries reflects the level of house redecorating, maintenance, and repair,
as well as sales of existing homes, and to a lesser extent new home, commercial, and
industrial construction. Industry sources also noted that the demand for architectural
coatings and sundries is affected by two other factors. First, the architectural coating
segment faced competition from alternative materials, such as aluminum and vinyl
siding, interior wall coverings, and wood paneling. Second, paint companies had
developed higher-quality products that reduced the amount of paint necessary per
application and the frequency of repainting. Counteracting these factors, industry
observers foresaw increasing demand for paint sundries due to a trend toward
do-it-yourself painting by household consumers.
U.S. paint manufacturers are under growing pressure to reduce emissions of
volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from paints and to limit the consumption of
solvents. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has adopted a three-step plan
for the reduction ofVOCs in architectural and industrial maintenance coatings. The
first phase of the plan, which took effect in 1996, required a 25 percent reduction in
VOC content from the base year of 1990. VOCs were reduced another 35 percent
(from the 1990 base year) in 2000 and 45 percent in the third phase in 2003.
Compliance with EPAregulations eroded historically low profit margins in the paint
Consolidation and Competition in the Architectural
Slow sales growth, the necessity for ongoing research and development, and recent
compliance with governmental regulations have fueled merger and acquisition activity in the U.S. paint industry. Companies seeking growth and a higher sales base to
support increasing costs are making acquisitions. Companies that were unwilling or
unable to make capital and research and development (R&D) commitments necessary
to remain competitive sold their paint businesses. Industry sources estimate that the
number of paint companies is currently 600, or about 40 percent fewer companies
than in 1980. The number of paint companies is presently declining at a rate of 2 to 3
percent per year. Merger activity generally involved the purchase of small companies
by larger firms to boost their specific market or geographic presence. Still, because of
readily available technology and difference in paint formulations associated with
regional climatic needs, a small number of regional paint manufacturers, such as
Jones-Blair Company, have competed successfully against paint manufacturers that
distribute their products nationally.
Major producers of paint for the architectural coatings segment include SherwinWilliams, Benjamin Moore, the Glidden unit of Imperial Chemicals, PPG Industries,
Valspar Corporation, Grow Group, and Pratt & Lambert. These producers account for
upwards of 60 percent of sales in the architectural coatings segment. They market
paint under their own brand names and for retailers under private, controlled, or store
brand names. For example, Sherwin-Williams markets the Sherwin-Williams brand and
produces paint for Sears.
About 50 percent of architectural coatings are sold under private, controlled, or
store brands. Sears, Lowe's, Wal-Mart, and Home Depot are major marketers of these
brands. In addition, hardware store groups such as True Value and Ace Hardware market their own paint brands.
Specialty paint stores, lumberyards, and independent hardware stores that sell
architectural paint and paint sundries have been able to compete in the paint business
despite the presence of mass merchandisers (such as Sears) and home improvement
centers (such as Lowe's and Home Depot). Industry sources estimate that specialty
paint stores account for about 36 percent of paint and sundry sales; hardware and
lumberyards account for 14 percent. Furthermore, specialty paint and hardware
stores and lumberyards in nonmetropolitan areas have outdistanced mass merchandisers and home improvement centers as sources for paint and paint sundries. This is
largely attributable to a lack of home improvement centers and mass-merchandiser
distribution in these areas and paint store, hardware, and lumberyard customer relations and service. However, Wal-Mart has been an effective competitor in many nonmetropolitan areas.
Home centers (including wholesale home centers) and mass merchandisers (including membership clubs such as Sam's) represent the two most frequently patronized categories of retailers shopped by do-it-yourself painters for paint and sundry items.
Specialty paint stores and lumberyards were the most frequently patronized retail stores
by professional painters for paint products and sundry items.
Architectural Coatings Purchase Behavior
Approximately 50 percent of architectural coatings dollar sales are accounted for by
do-it-yourselfer painters. Professional painter purchases account for 25 percent of
dollar sales. The remainder of architectural coatings dollar sales result from government, export, and contractor sales.
Almost 60 percent of annual architectural coatings sales are for interior paints.
Exterior paint represents 38 percent of sales. Lacquers and all other applications make
up the balance of sales. Slightly less than one in four households purchase interior
house paint in any given year. The percentage of households purchasing exterior house
paint is considerably less than that for interior paint. The popularity of do-it-yourself
painting, particularly for interior applications, has increased the paint and sundry item
product line carried by retail outlets. Paint industry consumer research indicates that
the average dollar paint purchase per purchase occasion is about $74.00. The average
dollar sundry purchase per purchase occasion is about $12.00.
Research by the Home Improvement Research Institute indicates that do-it-yourself
painters first choose a retail outlet for paint and paint sundries, then choose a paint
brand. This research also identified four steps in the do-it-yourself decision process
for home improvement products, including paint. The results of this research are
summarized in Exhibit 1 on page 112.
"Paint has become a commodity;' commented Barrett. "Do-it-yourself purchasers
all too often view paint as paint-a covering-and try to get the best price. But there
is a significant number of people who desire service as well in the form of information
about application, color matching, surface preparation, and durability;' he added. He
conceded that once paint is on the wall, you can't initially tell the difference between
premium-priced and competitively priced paint.
"There is a difference between painting contractors
painters, however," he continued. "Pot and brush guys [professional painters] do
seek out quality products, since their reputation is on the line and maintenance
firms don't want to have to paint an office each time a mark appears on a wall.
They want paint that is durable, washable, and will cover in a single coat. They
also look to retailers who will go the extra mile to give them service. Many
request and get credit from stores. They appreciate being able to get to stores
early in the morning to pick up paint and supplies. They deal with stores that can
mix large quantities of custom colors and expect to work with knowledgeable
store employees who can give them what they want. It is not surprising to me
that paint stores remain the preferred outlet for paint and sundries for professional painters. Contractors simply want a coating in many instances and strive for
the lowest price, particularly on big jobs."
CHAPTER 4 OPPORTUNITY
ANALYSIS, MARKET SEGMENTATION,
AND MARKET TARGETING
Consumer Buying Decision Process for Home Improvement
Have the Time
Have the Money
House Is an Investment
For Products, From:
? "Different Stores"
46% of the time
? "One Store"
27% of the time
? "For Best Price"
22% of the time
? "Close to Home"
8% of the time
Ease of use
Source: Home Improvement Research Institute. Reprinted from National Home Center News," 10 Forces Reshaping the Retail Home
Improvement Market,"©1996. Used with permission .
BLAIR COMPANY SERVICE AREA
jones- Blair Company markets its paint and sundry items in over 50 counties in Texas,
Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Louisiana from its plant and headquarters in Dallas,
Texas. The eleven county Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) metropolitan area is the major
business and financial center in the company's southwestern service area.
Competition at the retail level has accelerated in recent years. Sears and Kmart
have multiple outlets in DFw, as do Sherwin- Williams and Home Depot. Competition
for retail selling space in paint stores, lumberyards, and hardware stores has also
increased. "Our research indicates that 1,000 of these outlets now operate in the
50-county service area, and DFW houses 450 of them," noted Barrett. "When you consider that the typical lumberyard or hardware store gets 10 percent of its volume
($65,000) from paint and the typical paint store has annual sales of $400,000 with
three brands, you can see that getting and keeping widespread distribution is a key
success factor in this industry. Over 1,200 outlets were in operation in the area a
decade ago; about 600 were situated in the DFW area."
Competition at the paint manufacturing level has increased as well. The major
change in competitive behavior has occurred among paint companies that sell to
contractors serving the home construction industry. These companies have aggressively priced their products to capture a higher percentage of the home construction
market. "Fortunately, these companies have not pursued the 400 or so professional
painting firms in DFW and the 200 professional painters outside the DFW area or the
do-it-yourselfer market as yet," said Barrett. They have not been able to gain access
to retail outlets, but they may buy their way in through free goods, promotional
allowances, or whatever means are available to them in the future.
"We believe that mass merchandisers control 50 percent of the do-it-yourselfer
paint market in the DFW metropolitan area. Price seems to be the attraction, but we
can't quarrel with their quality,"noted Barrett.
Architectural Paint and Sundry Sales Volume, Excluding Contractor
(in Millions of Dollars)
Total Dollar Sales
DFW Area Sales
Non-DFW Area Sales
The estimated dollar volume of architectural paint and allied products sold in
Jones Blair's 50-county service area in 2004 was $80 million (excluding contractor
sales). DFW was estimated to account for 60 percent of this figure, with the remaining
volume being sold in other areas. Do-it-yourself household buyers were believed to
account for 70 percent of non-contractor-related volume in DFW and 90 percent of
non-con tractor-related volume in other areas. A five-year summary of architectural
paint and allied product sales in the Jones o Blair service area is shown in Exhibit 2.
Jones Blair Company is a privately held corporation that produces and markets architectural paint under the Jones Blair brand name. In addition to producing a full line of
architectural coatings, the company sells paint sundries (brushes, rollers, thinners,
etc.) under the Jones Blair name, even though these items are not manufactured by
the company. The company also operates a very large OEM coatings division, which
sells its products throughout the U.S. and worldwide.
Company architectural paint and allied products sales volume in 2004 was
$12 million, and net profit before taxes was $1,140,000. Dollar sales had increased at
an average annual rate of 4 percent per year over the past decade. Paint gallonage,
however, had remained stable over the past five years. "We have been very successful
in maintaining our margins even with increased research and development, material
and labor costs, but I'm afraid we're approaching the threshold on our prices,"
Barrett said. "We are now the highest-priced paint in our service area." In 2004, paint
cost-of-goods sold, including freight expenses, was 60 percent of net sales.
The company distributes its products through 200 independent paint stores, lumberyards, and hardware outlets. Forty percent of its outlets are located in the Ll-county
DFW area. The remaining outlets are situated in the other 39 counties in the service
area. Jones Blair sales are distributed evenly between DFW and non-DFW accounts.
Exhibit 3 on page 114 shows the account and sales volume distribution by size of dollar purchase per year.
Retail outlets outside the DFW area with paint and sundry purchases exceeding
$50,000 annually carry only the Jones o Blair product line. However, except for 14
outlets in DFW (those with purchases greater than $50,000 annually), which carry
the jones-Blair line exclusively, DFW retailers carry two or three lines, with
jones-Blair's line being premium priced. "Our experience to date shows that in our
DFW outlets, the effect of multiple lines has been to cause a decline in gallonage
CHAPTER 4 OPPORTUNITY
ANALYSIS, MARKET SEGMENTATION, AND MARKET TARGETING
Account and Sales Volume Percentage
by Dollar Purchase
Less than $25,000
volume. The non-DFW outlets, by comparison, have grown in gallonage volume.
When you combine the two, you have stable gallonage volume," remarked Barrett.
Promotional Efforts for Architectural Coating Sales
Jones·Blair employs eight sales representatives. They are responsible for monitoring
inventories of jones- Blair paint and sundry items in each retail outlet, as well as for order
taking, assisting in store display, and coordinating cooperative advertising programs.
A recent survey of jones- Blair paint dealers indicated that the sales representatives were
well liked, helpful, professional, and knowledgeable about paint. Commenting on the survey findings, Barrett said, "Our reps are on a first-name basis with their customers. It is
common for our reps to discuss business and family over coffee during a sales call, and
some of our people even 'mind the store' when the proprietor has to run an errand or
two." Sales representatives are paid a salary and a 1 percent commission on sales.
The company spends approximately 3 percent of net sales on advertising and sales
promotion efforts. Approximately 55 percent of advertising and sales promotion dollars are
allocated to cooperative advertising programs with retail accounts. The cooperative program, whereby jones- Blair pays a portion of an account's media costs based on the dollar
amount of paint purchased fromjones- Blair,applies to newspaper advertising and seasonal
catalogs distributed in a retailer's immediate trade area. Exhibit 4 shows an example of a
jones-Blair Company cooperative print advertisement. The remainder of the advertising
and sales promotion budget is spent on in-store displays, corporate brand advertising, outdoor signs, regional magazines, premiums, and advertising production costs .
Senior management executives of jones-Blair Company assembled again to consider
the question of where and how to deploy corporate marketing efforts among the various architectural paint coatings markets served by the company. Barrett opened the
meeting with a statement that it was absolutely necessary to resolve this question at
the meeting in order for the tactical plan to be developed. The peak painting season
was soon approaching and decisions had to be made.
Vice President of Advertising: Alex, I still believe that we must direct our efforts
toward bolstering our presence in the DFW do-it-yourselfer market. I just
received the results of our DFW consumer advertising awareness study. As you
can see [Exhibit 5 on page 116], awareness is related to paint purchase behavior.
Jones· Blair Company Print Advertisement
? Mildew Resistant
? Resists PeenRg, Raking
? Thousands of Colors
SATIN $00.00 ? SEIVII-GLOSS$00.00
? Onecoat coverage
? Thousands meolars
? Easy soap & WabW Cleao-ull
? Spot Resistanl
? Thousands IJ1Colors
? Easy Soap &; water &lean-up
FlAT SOOOOO ? SARN SOO.OO
Industry research on paint purchase behavior indicates that a large number of doit-yours elfers choose a store before selecting a brand. However, a brand name is
also important to consumers because they do think about paint they have seen
advertised when choosing a brand. This becomes very important in those stores
carrying multiple brands. It seems to me that we need an awareness level of at
least 30 percent among do-it-yourselfers to materially affect our sales.
Preliminary talks with our ad agency indicate that an increase of $350,000 in
corporate brand advertising beyond what we are now spending, with an emphasis
CHAPTER 4 OPPORTUNITY
ANALYSIS, MARKET SEGMENTATION, AND MARKET TARGETING
Percentage ofDFW Population That Was Aware of Paint Brands and
Purchased Paint in the Last 12 Months
Awareness Question: "What brands come to mind when you think of paint?"
Last Brand Bought: "What paint brand did you purchase the last time you bought paint?"
Note: Sample size was N = 400. Percentages are subject to a 5 percent sampling error.
on television, will be necessary to achieve this awareness level. Furthermore, this
television coverage will reach non-DFW consumers in some 15 counties as well.
Vice President oj Operations: I don't agree. Advertising is not the way to go, and
reference to the DFW area alone is too narrow a focus. We have to be competitive
in the do-it-yourselfer paint market, period. Our shopper research program
indicated that dealers will quickly back off from our brand when the customer
appears price-sensitive. We must cut our price by 20 percent on all paint products
to achieve parity with national paint brands. Look here. In today's newspaper, we
advertise a price-off special on our exterior paint, and our price is still noticeably
higher than a mass merchandiser's everyday price. With both ads on the same
page, a customer would have to be an idiot to patronize one of our dealers.
Vice President of Sales: Forget the DFW market. We ought to be putting our effort into
non-DFW areas, where half of our sales and most of our dealers exist right now.
I hate to admit it, but our sales representatives could be more aggressive. We have
only added five new accounts in the last five years; our account penetration in
non-DFW areas is only 16 percent. I'm partially at fault, but I'm ready to act. We
should add one additional sales representative whose sole responsibility is to
develop new retail account leads and presentations or call on professional
painters to solicit their business through our dealers. I've figured the direct cost
to keep one rep in the field at $60,000 per year, excluding commission.
$60,000 = FC
Vice President oj Finance: Everyone is proposing a change in our orientation. Let me be
the devil's advocate and favor pursuing our current approach. We now sell to both
the homeowner and the professional painter in DFW and non-DFW markets
through our dealers. We have been and will continue to be profitable by judiciously
guarding our margins and controlling costs. Our contribution margin is 35 percent.
Everyone suggests that increasing our costs will somehow result in greater sales volume. Let me remind you, Alex, we have said that it is our policy to recoup noncapital expenditures within a one-year time horizon. If we increase our advertising by
an incremental amount of $350,000, then we had better see the incremental sales
volume as well. The same goes for additional sales representatives and, I might add,
any across-the-board cut in prices.
Mr. Barrett: We keep going over the same ground. All of you have valid arguments, but
we must prioritize. Let's think about what's best for all of us.
Increased advertising seems reasonable, since national paint firms and mass
merchandisers outspend us tenfold in absolute terms. You are right in saying people
have to be aware of us before they will buy, or even consider,]on...
This question was answered on: Oct 15, 2019Buy this answer for only: $15
This attachment is locked
Pay using PayPal (No PayPal account Required) or your credit card . All your purchases are securely protected by .
About this QuestionSTATUS
Oct 15, 2019EXPERT
YES, THIS IS LEGAL
We have top-notch tutors who can do your essay/homework for you at a reasonable cost and then you can simply use that essay as a template to build your own arguments.
You can also use these solutions:
- As a reference for in-depth understanding of the subject.
- As a source of ideas / reasoning for your own research (if properly referenced)
- For editing and paraphrasing (check your institution's definition of plagiarism and recommended paraphrase).
NEW ASSIGNMENT HELP?
Order New Solution. Quick Turnaround
Click on the button below in order to Order for a New, Original and High-Quality Essay Solutions. New orders are original solutions and precise to your writing instruction requirements. Place a New Order using the button below.
WE GUARANTEE, THAT YOUR PAPER WILL BE WRITTEN FROM SCRATCH AND WITHIN A DEADLINE.