18 of 30What is the primary difference between an ascribed status and an achieved status?
|Achieved statuses have roles attached to them but ascribed statuses do not.|
|Ascribed statuses never change while achieved statuses do.|
|Ascribed statuses are involuntary while achieved statuses are voluntary.|
|Ascribed statues can also be a master status but achieved statuses cannot.|
19 of 30The domestication of plants and animals was to the first social revolution as the ________ was to the fourth social revolution.
|invention of the plow|
|invention of the steam engine|
|invention of the microchip|
|decoding of the human genome system|
20 of 30According to Durkheim, the shared consciousness that people experience as a result of performing the same or similar tasks is called ________.
21 of 30Sarah works for the American Hair and Felt Corporation. This group is one of the ________ groups to which Sarah belongs.
22 of 30Because of a sense of belonging and loyalty to our in-groups, we often tend to judge our own group?s traits as virtues, but see the same traits in other groups as vices. This judgment of superiority is an example of ________.
|a double standard|
23 of 30Upon graduating from a small midwestern high school, Joe enrolled in a large, west coast university. He observed that his classmates used different slang terms and wore clothing quite different from that worn in his old high school. Joe began to adopt the behavior patterns of the new college peers that now made up his ________.
24 of 30Most major companies sponsor ?diversity training? lectures and workshops for their employees. What is the ultimate purpose of these efforts?
|They stimulate an understanding of cultural differences.|
|They increase stereotypes and segregation of employees.|
|They increase company profits.|
|They emphasize the qualities that will lead to workers? success.|
25 of 30Which is not characteristic of a bureaucracy:
|A division of labor.|
|Individual decision making.|
26 of 30What conclusion can be drawn from Solomon Asch?s experiment on group conformity?
|Because of group pressure, most people are willing to say things they know are not true.|
|Americans are highly individualistic and reluctant to conform to group pressure.|
|Women are more susceptible to group pressure than men.|
|Younger people are more susceptible to group pressure than older adults.|
27 of 30The coexistence of such values as democracy and equality alongside the values of hard work, education, and efficiency illustrate the condition of ________.
28 of 30The research method referred to as ?participant observation? is also called ________.
29 of 30In the United States, the best example of the nonmaterial culture never catching up with the material culture is illustrated by:
|the nine-month school year.|
|the idea of shopping on the Internet.|
|the replacement of small town shopping by shopping at the mall.|
|the introduction of multiculturalism and a persistence of prejudice in the South.|
Ascribed statuses are involuntary while achieved statuses are voluntary.
Invention of the microchip
A double standard
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